Coffee keeps me awake at night.
Wine makes me sleep.
|I’d like a coffee please.||=||I’d like a [cup of] coffee.|
|May I have a white wine.||=||May I have a [glass of] white wine.|
|They sell a lot of coffees.||=||They sell a lot of [different kinds of] coffee.|
|I prefer white wines to red.||=||I prefer [different kinds of] white wine to red.|
|They had over twenty cheeses on sale.||=||They had over twenty [types of] cheese on sale.|
|This is an excellent soft cheese.||=||This [kind of] soft cheese is excellent.|
2: Some nouns have both a count and an uncount form:
George had hopes of promotion.
Travel is a great teacher.
Where did you go on your travels?
3: Nouns with two meanings
There is a serious danger of fire.
Is English a difficult language?
The Times is an excellent paper.
4: Uncount nouns that end in -s
|Subjects of study:||mathematics, physics, economics, etc.|
|Activities:||gymnastics, athletics, etc.|
|Games:||cards, darts, billiards, etc.|
|Diseases:||mumps, measles, rabies, etc.|
Economics is a very difficult subject.
Billiards is easier than pool or snooker.
5: Group nouns
- My family is very dear to me.
I have a large family. They are very dear to me. (= The members of my family…)
- The government is very unpopular.
The government are always changing their minds.
- The audience always enjoys the show.
- The group consists of two men and three women.
- The audience clapped their hands.
- The largest group are the boys.
The names of many organisations and teams are also group nouns, but they are usually plural in spoken English:
- Barcelona are winning 2-0.
- The United Oil Company are putting prices up by 12%.
6: Two-part nouns
Those trousers are too long.
I’ve bought a pair of blue jeans.
I always carry two pairs of binoculars.